The Mosque of Pasha lies in Salah Salem Street next to the Citadel and the Tomb of Sidi Saraya that date back to the Fatimid period and whose owner is believed to be one of the leaders of the Arab Conquest of Egypt. This mosque was established by the Sulayman Pasha who served as the court eunuch in the early Ottoman period and the Wali or governor of corps of the northern enclosure Janissaries.
This mosque is designed on the typical Ottoman style of decoration with its inverse T-interior structure and conical hoods that beautify both the Minaret and the Minbar. The vaulted main entrance of the mosque is in parallel to the Mihrab and is surrounded by a garden.
From the entrance of the building one finds the central courtyard topped with a central dome surrounded by four semi-domes with triangle-shaped supports. These domes are beautifully ornamented with Quran inscriptions and some Medallions depicting the names of God, the prophet, and the four main orthodox Caliphs from inside. In front of the central courtyard, stands the mausoleum of Sidi Saraya that involves also the cenotaphs of many prominent officials in the Ottoman period.
The interior plan of the mosque is decorated with floral paintings framed with stucco arabesque that replaced the geometric patterns that was commonly used before. The walls of the building are gracefully ornamented with brightly colored grooved inscriptions and marble veneer. These walls were renovated in the 19th century but the ottoman style of decoration was preserved as much as possible. The beauty of this monument is accentuated by the luxurious Minbar of handsome marble panels and attractive geometrical patterns that depict the Mamluk style influence on this mosque. Another worth noticing part is the marble panels and its loggia of molded corbels that was dedicated to reciting holy Quran.
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