Qena is a governorate in Upper Egypt bordered with Aswan Governorate from the south, Red Sea from the east, the New Valley from the west and Sohag Governorate from the north. The capital of the governorate is Qena City that locates about 600km away from Cairo. Qena Governorate covers about 10798km and encloses a large number of administrative centers, cities and villages. On the lands of the governorate there is a wide range of archeological sites enclosing more than 7000 antiques in cities like Naqada, Esna, El kab, and Armant in addition to Luxor that is regarded as a separate governorate currently. To facilitate the process of reaching the governorate for both locals and foreigners, Qena is linked with the other neighboring governorates with railroads and airport roads as well. It is served also by Luxor International Airport that lies few meters away from Qena City. The major economic resources for the governorate are tourism and other industries such as pottery pots, perfume, soap and oil industries. Some small villages in Qena such as Hegaza village achieved a resonating fame in manufacturing wooden items with magnificent paintings and decorations that is highly admired by Egyptians and foreigners alike. Manual carpet craft is one of the crafts that is widely practiced by inhabitants of Qena who use the wool of their cattle for producing beautiful carpets and wall hangings of attractive natural scenes over it and selling it at good prices. Qena Governorate encloses a wide range of agricultural lands and is famous for planting some crops such as sugar cane that is used for producing the black honey.