Saloum Protectorate is a unique area located in the governorate of Marsa Matrouh on the western Sudanese borders in Egypt. It was established as a protected area around the year 2010 AD for the purpose of preserving natural resources in the area and protecting endangered species of sea turtles, sponges, coral reefs and others. The area also houses other threatened species of reptiles, mammals and more. It is assumed to be one of the major areas which contain a diversity of fish. In addition, there are some geographical features which include tidal zone, dunes of sand, salt depressions and cliffs.