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x Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2)

King Ramses IV is the third pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty of the New Kingdom. He was the 5th son of Ramses III and was appointed the crown as a prince by year 22 of his father’s reign. After a short reign of about six and a half years, Ramses IV died and was buried in tomb KV 2 in the Valley of the Kings. His mummy was found in the royal cache of the Tomb of Amenhotep II (KV 35)in 1898. When Ramses IV had died, the work on the tomb had to be cut short for his early burial. A chamber, which was originally a four-pillared-chamber, was re-cut as the burial chamber. Tomb KV 2 has been open since antiquity: there are many Greek, Latin and Coptic graffiti on the tomb’s walls. Because of its suitable location near the entrance to the Valley, the tomb was regularly used as a hotel and rest-stop by tourists until the early 20th century. KV 2 is one of the few tombs for which an ancient plan has survived. A papyrus, now in the Egyptian Museum at Turin, shows the plan of five tomb chambers and gives their measurements. The actual total area of the tomb measures about 304.88 m². Generally, the tomb is decorated with scenes from the Litany of Ra, Book of Caverns, Book of the Dead, Book of Gates, Imydwat, Book of Nut, Book of the Night, Book of the Earth, the deceased and deities, and burial furniture.

– Corridor B of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2)

On the left wall of Corridor B of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2), the King stands with god Re-Horakhty, to their right there is the Litany of Ra, which fills the rest of the left wall and continues across the right wall of the corridor. On the ceiling, one can see representations of vultures, falcons, scarabs, in addition to the King’s names. There are many graffiti covering the walls, some scratched, and others are written in reddish-brown paint. Some of them in written Coptic and for a monk called Jacob, from over a thousand year ago. Many other graffiti cover the walls and include the names of several nineteenth century visitors.

– Corridor C of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2)

Corridor C of KV 2 houses on its left and right walls over 150 columns of text that continue the Litanies of Ra. On the ceiling, solar discs contain the Ba of the sun-god Ra, flanked by Isis and Nephthys, who are shown as kites. There are also other various forms of Ra. Niches cut in the front end of each wall also show forms of the sun god. A frieze at the top of the wall shows painted names and titles of the King.

– Corridor D of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV2)

The first and second divisions of the Book of Caverns cover most of the walls of Corridor D of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2). The ceiling is vaulted and is decorated with star patterns and names of the King. Above the rear gate, we can see winged uraei and cartouches of the King. A ramp that begins in Corridor D leads through Chamber E.

– Chamber E of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2)

At the beginning, Chamber E of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2) was intended to be the Well Chamber, but it was converted to an antechamber when the following pillared-chamber became the tomb’s burial place. On the ceiling, we can see some texts with the names of the King, on a blue background. The names stretch across a pattern of yellow stars. Chamber E is decorated with 74 columns of texts which tell the deceased what to say in the Hall of Judgment, these texts are from the Book of the Dead, including Chapters 123, 124, and 127.

– Burial Chamber of the Tomb of Ramses IV (KV 2)

The Burial Chamber of KV 2 was decorated with sunk relief with a yellow background for the scenes, and a white background for the texts. Unexpectedly the King had died, so this chamber was converted to be the burial place of the King. Clockwise around the room, there are scenes from the Book of Gates, starting from the left of the door. Also there are scenes form the Imydwat scattered on the walls of the chamber. Corridor K lies beyond the Burial Chamber. It is a narrow corridor painted with scenes from the Book of Caverns. There are some recesses showing figures of gods with different offerings. After that, there is a scene for a solar bark hovers above the god Aker, flanked by two sphinxes on the rear wall. In the rear side of the side chamber, we can see representations of funerary furniture, canopic jars, and goddesses Nini, who make a sign of greeting. There are also mummiform figures of the King decorating the walls of the chamber.

– Sarcophagus of Ramses IV in KV 2
The red granite sarcophagus of King Ramses IV placed in the Burial Chamber of Tomb KV 2 measures 3.5 meters long. It has a lid ornamented with representations of human headed uraei, and snakes flanking the king, who is in Osiride-form. Inside the sarcophagus are scenes from the Book of the Earth.

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