At the Eastern wall of the Temple of Amun, we find the Chapel of the Hearing Ear; a small sanctuary which contained no entrance to the inner temple because it was built for common Egyptians, who were not generally allowed into many, if not any, of the temples. This is because common ancient Egyptians frequently built within their houses small altars to worship their gods as well as small private temples for communal use which must have played a significant role in religious worship by common Egyptians. Farther east, there were two temples built by Tuthmosis IV and Ramses II and now covered by brushes. There were also an obelisk of Thutmes IV that was moved to the Circus Maximus in Rome and after that, it was transferred to the Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano. Also enclosed is the monumental gateway of Nectanebo I (of the 30th Dynasty), which measures 19 meters high. Beyond the eastern wall of the central enclosure, there lie remains of a huge temple erected by Amenhetep IV (Akhenaten).
– Karnak Sacred Lake and the Priests Village
South of the Thutmosis III Temple, there are passing walls decorated with scenes of Thutmes II making offerings to various deities. The visitor will also find the Sacred Lake of the temple, which dates back to Taharqa (Dynasty 26). It measures 200 by 117 meters. In the southern wall of the lake, a stone-lined tunnel, that is one square-meter leads to a small stone building that served as a home to a flock of geese raised by the temple’s priests. It is not recommended to touch the waters of the lake. In 1970, during the works of building the Sound and Light Theater, several of the priests’ houses, some with household goods and priestly accessories, were found. They date back to the late New Kingdom onwards.
– The Scarab of Karnak
At the northwest corner of the Sacred Lake, one can find a cafeteria and a nice bookshop. Immediately to its west, a visitor will find a giant granite Scarab statue which represents the sun-god, Atum-Khepri. It is the only remaining scarab out of four ones which Amenhetep III installed in his memorial temple on the West Bank. It was brought here in the XXV Dynasty by Taharqa, whose temple of the sun-god lies immediately to the north. A few meters to the north lies the top of one of the Hatshepsut obelisks that stood between the Fourth and Fifth Pylons. Multiple scenes on this fragment show the Queen’s coronation.