Ismailiya is a governorate in the east of Egypt on the bank of the Suez Canal, between the Port Said Governorate and Suez Governorate. Ismailia covers about 4482 km² and comprises of a large number of administrative centers, cities and villages. The main economic resources of the governorate are driven from agriculture and fishing as well as the logistic industry related to the Suez Canal. The capital of the governorate is Ismailia City that is regarded as the second largest city on the Mediterranean coast after Alexandria. Ismailia is a land of a great History that date back to the Predynastic era since it was the capital of Egypt during the reign of the 8th nome in Low Egypt.
Ismailya was mainly standing over the area of El Temsah Lake or the Crocodile Lake that was the first destination to which the early immigrants to the Ismaileya area directed. It was known by that name till the reign of Khedive Ismail who called it after his name. In addition to the natural beauty, magnificent weather and charming gardens, Ismailiya Governorate encloses some monuments that date back to the ancient Egyptian times. On top of these monuments are basalt temple of Aton, the Ptolemaic Alabaster Coffin that is on display in Ismailia Museum.