Zaranik Natural Park is one of the most important stop-overs in North Sinai. It is situated at the eastern end of Lake Bardawil on the Mediterranean coast of Sinai. Established in 1985, this protected area extends over 250 Km2 (68% water surface and 32% sand dunes). It is officially managed by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency. El Zaraniq (Zaranik) hosts thousands of migrating birds that swarm yearly from Europe in winter in search for warmer regions and pass through the reserve during Autumn. It was declared a natural reserve in 1985. It houses 17 species of different plants such as Halocnemon, Strobilaceum, Arthrocnemon glaucum, Juncus subulatus, and Zygophyllom album.In addition, it provides a natural shelter for over 244 species of birds and thousands of migratory birds, such as night herns Nycticorax nyticorox and little slint Calidris minuta.