El Gharbia is a governorate in Egypt that locates in the center of the Delta of the Nile in Egypt. It is bordered with Kafr El Sheikh Governorate to its north, El Menoufeya to the south, and Damietta and Rosetta Branches of the nistl to the east. The capital of El Gharbeya is Tanta City that locates about 90 km² from Cairo. The governorate encompasses 8 administrative centers in addition to a large number of cities, towns, and villages. El Gharbeya Governorate covers about 25,400 km², the majiority of it are agricultural lands.The major economic resources for the governorate are agriculture, food and textile industries. The most important crops in it are wheat, rice, and cotton in addition to other fruits and flowers. El Mahala El Kobra is one of the major cities of El Gharbeya and Egypt as a whole that is renowned for textile and spinning and weaving factories that provide a large number of the inhabitants with job opportunities. El Gharbeya includes some factories of petrochemical industries, fertilizers, paper, and oil industries as well. The main factor behind the good position of the El Ghabeya among other governorates of Egypt is the availability of means of transportation that link it with other places throughout the country. Moreover, the inhabitants are provided with good chance for education in all stages and there is also Tanta University.