El Fayoum is the capital of El Fayoum Governorate in the Western Desert of Egypt, about 130 km southwest of Cairo. The name of Fayum is derived from the Coptic word ‘Phiom’, which means lake or sea since it was enclosing a sea in the Prehistoric period.
The city is one of the most preferable places not only for foreigners but also for Egyptians for its natural beauty, magnificent weather, and its monuments that date back to several ages throughout history. Thus the main economic resources for the city are local and foreign tourism, administrative services, and trade. On top of the monuments that date back to the ancient Egyptian period come the unique obelisk of rounded top with a cleft of gold statue of Ra. From the Mamluk period, one can find Qaitbay Mosque that is highly admired for its magnificent style of decoration.
Waterwheels that date back to the Greek period is another tourist attraction in El Fayum. Egyptians usually prefer visiting El Fayum Oasis for enjoying the tranquility and good weather away from the noise and crowd of Cairo. Lake Qaroun is the most preferable destination for its crystal clear water and the availability of affordable means of transportations for reaching it.