El Balyana is one of the major cities of Sohag Governorate covering about 160km². It was one of the important cities in Ancient Egypt and the islamic period as well. Nowadays, it is inhabited by some nomadic tribes like Hawara and Banu Mohamed. Arabat Abidus, Seti I Temple , and Ramses II Temple are most attractive touristic places located on the land of Sohag nearby El Balyana City. In addition to that there is a number of necropolises dating back to the first and the Second Dynasties in ancient Egypt.