Damanhur is the capital of El Beheira Governorate that locates on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea about 160 km away from Cairo on El Mahmoudeya Canal. It is a city of a great history dating back to the Pharaonic Era when it was called Time-en-Hor or “Village of Horus from” which the current name is derived. During the Roman Era it was the capital of the 15th Nome of Lower Egypt and known as Hermopolis Mikra. Nowadays it is regarded as one of the major trade centers in the governorate and in Egypt as a whole especially for rice and cotton trade. The main economic resources of the city are driven from administrative services, agriculture, as well as textile and fruit packing industries. It has no monuments, yet it is visited by tourists usually at the time of Moulid Sheikh Abu El Rish or Saint Abu El Rish festival and other local festivals that foreigners prefer attending for enjoying direct interaction with native Egyptians.