Horus Temple At Edfu

With its perfect conditions, Horus Temple at Edfu is probably the most preserved temple in Egypt. The temple is a fantastic resource for the tourist to have an almost complete idea about how temples were like in Ancient Egypt and how they functioned. .....Mas

The First Pylon of the Temple of Edfu

The First Pylon of the Temple of Horus measures over 34 meters high. It is one of the most preserved pylons of any Egyptian temple where we can find scenes of Ptolemy XIII smiting the enemies of Egypt before Horus. Observing the factions of the enemi .....Mas

The Forecourt of the Temple of Edfu

The forecourt of the temple, or The Court of Offerings, is surrounded from three sides by thirty-two columns. Unlike the Phaaraonic temples, the capitals of the columns have different shape, representing palm leaves, grapes, papyrus, lotus and others .....Mas

The First Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Edfu

In the First Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Edfu, there are 18 columns, 12 of which are free standing and 6 are attached to the walls supporting the ceiling of the hall. These columns represent the Wetlands and the Primeval Water where gods were bor .....Mas

The Second Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Edfu

The Second Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Edfu has 12 columns supporting the ceiling. These columns are decorated with scenes of the King worshiping different deities. The traditional scenes for the foundation of the temple are depicted on the walls .....Mas

The Vestibules of the Temple of Edfu

The Temple of Edfu has two vestibules before reaching the Sanctuary. Scenes in both vestibules represent the King worshiping Horus and making offerings to him. The outer vestibule has stairs on both sides leading to the roof, which are now closed. .....Mas

The Sanctuary of the Temple of Edfu

In the Sanctuary, we can see a replica of the original bark of Horus, where his statue was transported in procession to visit his wife Hathor in Dendera. Beside the bark, there is a granite naos which was used to keep the statue. The naos is older t .....Mas

The Chambers Around the Sanctuary of the Temple of Edfu

Around the Sanctuary of the Temple of Horus at Edfu, beginning from the right, we can see the Chamber of Offerings, with scenes of the King making offerings to Horus, Hathor as well as Ptolemy III and Queen Berenice. Moving to the left, we can see t .....Mas

The Outer Walls of the Temple of Edfu

We can reach the outer walls of the Temple of Edfu from the First Vestibule or from the First Hypostyle wall. The scenes on these walls represent the King and Horus smiting Seth and the enemies of Egypt, as well as other scenes of the celebration of .....Mas

The Mammisi at the Temple of Edfu

In front of the Temple of Edfu, one can see a small building dedicated to the birth of Harsomtus or Horus, who unites Egypt, son of Horus and Hathor. The capitals of the building have figures of the dwarf god Bes, who used to help in the childbirth. .....Mas