Built by the kings of the First Dynasty ,
had been the capital city of
around 3000 BC , after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt . Though not much have survived from ancient Memphis , little remains– including scattered statues , alabaster beds , gigantic sarcophagi , sphinxes , and temples– provide clues to the religious life of the city .
At the reduction of influence of gods of Heliopolis , about the fifth and sixth dynasties , the gods of Memphis started to take a new character . As first principle , creator , 'father of gods' , and head of a triad (that included his consort
and their son
) , god
(who was believed to have had international political powers) was combined with the gods of Heliopolis . Since
was an ingredient of god Ptah , the latter was made a supreme god when the former became the god of both Upper and Lower Egypt (after wars between him and
were brought to an end) .