Dating back to the 6th century, the monastery of El Surian was built by the monks of Saint Beshoy Monastery who were opposed to Julianist doctrines that held the incorruptibility of Christ's body. By the end of the 8th century, the doctrinal problems ended, and the monastery was sold to rich Syrian merchants who donated it to a group of Syrian monks, thus it was named the Monastery of the Holy Virgin of the Syrian. Throughout the centuries, Egyptian monks substituted the Syrian and now the monastery belongs to the Egyptian Coptic Church. Like other buildings of the area, the monastery was damaged by the attacks of the Bedouins and restored several times.
The monastery's walls measure almost 11 m in height with the entrance in an extreme of the north side. Built in the 9th century, the tow...Read More