Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV)

When Amenhotep III died , he left behind a country that was wealthier and more powerful than it had ever been before . The treaty with Mitanni concluded by his father had brought peace and stability , which resulted in a culture of extraordinary luxury . A large percentage of the income generated by Egypt's own resources and by foreign trade went into building projects of an unprecedented scale . Inscriptions enumerate the enormous quantities of gold , silver , bronze , and precious stones used in the construction and decoration of the temples .
There can be little doubt that Amenhotep IV was officially crowned by Amun of Thebes , for he is described as 'the One whom Amun has Chosen to Appear in Glory for Millions of Years' on some scarabs from the beginning of his reign , but this reference to Amun can not conceal the fact that the new king was clearly determined right from his accession to go his own way .
Amenhotep IV is mentioned as 'Real King's Son' on one of the many jar sealings found in his father's palace at Malkata , most of which are associated with the three sed-festivals celebrated by Amenhotep III during the last seven years of his reign . Opinions are divided over the issue of a possible co-regency between Amenhotep III and IV .
some scholars think of a period of joint rule lasting for some 12 years , others have at best admitted the possibility of a short overlap of one or two years , whereas the majority of scholars reject it entirely .
Akhenaten sent his army abroad to put down a rebellion in Nubia in the 12th year . It was also in the 12th year that a great ceremony took place , during which the King received the tribute from 'all foreign countries gathered together as one' , an event that may well be connected with the Nubian campaign of the same year . It has been suggested that the King may have been involved in a confrontation with the Hittites .
A person named Smenkhkare (with virtually the same throne name as Nefertiti / Neferneferuaten) appears in some inscriptions from the end of the Amarna Period . In one or two rare representations , he is accompanied by his Queen Meritaten . The identity of the Smenkhkare is uncertain . But some scholars see him as Nefertiti's male successor , perhaps a younger brother or even another son of Akhenaten . Akhenaten's successor probably did not survive him for very long , and when he/she died , the very young Tutankhaten , the only remaining male member of the
royal family , ascended the throne .


A colored scene decorating a wall of the Tomb of Ti, depicting a number of seated scribes



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