Ahmose

The exact date of Ahmose's reign is understandably obscure: he must have come to the throne in about 1570 , 1560 , or 1551 BC , and his reign must have ended in 1546 , 1537 , or 1527 BC . The physical examination of his mummy , which was among those rescued by Ramses IX , suggests that he lived until the age of about 35 , with a reign of just over 25 years (according to Manetho) .
He probably resumed the struggle against the Hyksos in about the 11th year of his reign , and this would have lasted for several years in the Delta , leading eventually to the capture of Memphis and later , Avaris .
Hyksos domination within Egypt itself had already been overwhelmed when the Egyptian troops captured the town of Sharuhen in (south-west to Palestine) , which was the last citadel of the 'Asiatics' .
This final stage of the reconquest took place before the 16th year of Ahmose's reign . The most detailed surviving account of these campaigns is that left by an official at EI-Kab , Ahmose Son of Ibana , in the autobiography decorating his tomb .
The last two Hyksos Kings are not known for sure . They ruled between the 10th and 15th years of Ahmose's reign . One of those two rulers bears the name 'Aazehre' (the last king of the Fifteenth Dynasty) , a name that appears on an obelisk at Tanis . The other ruler , Apophis III , was the last of the Sixteenth Dynasty Hyksos Kings , and his name appears on several monuments , including a dagger from Saqqara .
No textual source can supply the minute details on the final phase of the Hyksos rule . They were obviously no longer posing a real threat to the Thebans when Ahmose launched a campaign in the 22nd year of his reign , in which he advanced into the Djay Region of Syria-Palestine and perhaps up to the Euphrates . This would have made him the first pharaoh to have extended the frontiers this far into Western Asia .
After routing the Hyksos , Ahmose undertook the reconquest of Nubia , and Ahmose Son of Ibana also describes this campaign . A campaign that was followed by a revolt from a man called Aata , who was perhaps Nedjeh's successor as king of Kerma . However , Ahmose succeeded in restoring Egyptian control over Nubia . He may also have founded the first New Kingdom temple there , on the
island of Sai to the south of Buhen , and he established Buhen as the center of administration of the province .
He assigned the commander's post at Buhen to a man called Tun , and under his successor Amenhotep I , Turi was to become the first clearly attested viceroy of Kush , although his father Zatayt may have performed this role without holding the specific title .
When Ahmose died , he left the throne to Amenhotep I , his son from Ahmose-Nefertari . In his 25th year of reign , he had achieved the liberation of Egypt and restored Egyptian links with the rest of the world , at least bringing them back to the level that had been achieved at the end of the Middle Kingdom . On this firm basis , the successors were able to build the power of their empire .
Although the body of Ahmose was found in the royal mummy cache at Deir el-Bahari , the location of his tomb remains unknown .



A panoramic view of the Cathedral at Aswan, and its two huge towers



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