Helwan is one of the governorates of Egypt that was regarded as a part of Cairo Governorate till 2008. Nowadays it is a separate governorate bordered with Cairo from the northern, El Sharqeya, and El Qalyubiya Governorates, the Nile River from the west, and Suez Governorate from the east. Helwan area witnessed an age of prosperity during the Mamluk rule of Egypt since it was regarded as the Capital of Mamluk Egypt and a luxuriously decorated palaces and mosques were established there. By the passage of time, the importance of the city decreased and most of the monuments in it were devastated till the reign of Khedive Ismail. Nowadays Helwan Governorate comprises of a large number of administrative centers, cities and suburbs and the government encourages businessmen for investing their capital in it. It is one of the major industrial zones in Egypt that are famous for iron, steel, textile and cement industries that are regarded as the essential sources of income for the city. The main factor behind the industrial development in Helwan is the availability of means of transportation linking it with other important cities and governorates
Helwan City is the capital of Helwan Governorate that locates about 25km away from Cairo. It is a city of a great histشory that traces back to the Mamluk period when it was regarded as the capital of Egypt and a large number of mosques and palaces was established in it. By the passage of time, the city suffered a great deal of destruction till Khedive Ismail decided to reconstruct it to be a place for thermal treatment due to the availability of Sulfuric water springs and magnificent weather. Nowadays Helwan is one of the populated places and a big industrial zone that encompasses many factories for steel, textile and cement industries. Thus the main economic resources of the city are industry and trade. In addition to factories, the city encloses a number of structures that distinuguish it including Helwan University, the Wax Museum, and Japanese Garden.
Places to visit in Maadi
Maadi is one of the wealthy and least populated suburbs in Helwan Governorate in Egypt. It is distinguished by its marvelously decorated villas and apartments and glamorous restaurants and is usually inhabited by upper and upper-middle class members. Maadi occupies the archeological site of a city in the predynastic period that awas carrying the same name and there are some remains of ancient Egyptian monuments. Throughout history, Maadi was a city of a remarkable position and great position since the establishment of the railway road linking between Cairo and Helwan. Nowadays Maadi occupies a prominent position among the newly established cities for being the center of a large number of important governmental institutes and educational structures. On its land stand Cairo American College, Misr American College, Maadi British International School and Lycée Français du Caire and many other educational institutes. Moreover, the Residential Street in Maadi encompasses a number of foreign embassies in Egypt like Mexican, Japanese, and Peruvian embassies. Maadi is a preferable destination for shopping and walking around for most of the wealthy Cairians. Of special interest the excessively decorated malls including Maadi Grand Mall that locates about 2 km away from downtown Cairo. It is supplied with all essential services of sanitation and water supply, health care services and can be easily reached by metro. Inhabitants of this prosperous area are also served with
Maadi Sporting Club.