El Menoufia is a governorate located on the Delta of the Nile with El Gharbia Governorate to its south, Cairo to its north. It joins El Qalyoubia and El beheira governorates in some parts at its border and covers about 2,543 km². El Menoufeiya is regarded as one of the most densely populated areas in Egypt and its capital is Shebin El-Kom City.
El Menoufeya comprises of a large number of cities, towns and villages including El Bagour, Ashmoun and Menouf and encloses a wide range of agricultural lands. Its major economic resources are mainly driven from agriculture. In this governorate, two prominent Egyptian figures were born; namely, Presidents Anwar Al Saddat and Hosni Mubarak.
The government pays a great attention for providing the inhabitants with all essential needs of water supply, sanitation and health care services. The most important institute in the governorate is El Menoufeya University in Shebin El Kom that encompasses about 22 faculty and institute and a highly qualified teaching stuff.
Menouf is one of the major cities in El Menoufiya Governorate that was the capital of the governorate for a long period of time until the age of Mohamed Ali Pasha moved the capital to Shebin El Kom.
It is renowned for enclosing a large number of hospitals of highly advanced technologies and qualified stuff and some factories that provide youth with job opportunities. It encloses a large number of smaller cities and villages and agricultural lands. The most important agricultural crop produced in it is broad beans that are sometimes exported abroad.
Shebin El Kom
Shebin El Kom is the capital of El Menoufia Governorate located in the center with Tala City from the north, Berket El Sabea from the south, Sers El Laian and Menouf from the east and El Shohada City from the west.
As the capital of the governorate, it encloses a large number of administrative institutes such as Shebin El Kom Council Building, El Gomhoreya Stadium, and El Menoufeya University. The city encloses many worth visiting places including Khalil Pasha El Gazzar palace, and El Abbasy Mosque. The major economic resources for the city are administrative works and industry.
City of Tala
Tala is one of the administrative centers in El Menoufeya Governorate that encloses a large number of cities and towns such as Kafr Askar and Mit Abo El Kom. It locates in the south of the governorate with El Gharbia at its north, Shebin El Kom at its south, Berket El Sabea at its east , and El Beheira at its West.
The reason for giving it that name it its location. It encompasses a number small towns and villages the major economic resources for it are Cotton ginning and other small industries. On the land of Tala city stands a number of worth visiting Coptic places such as Mar Girgis and Virgin Mary Monastery and Waqf Deir Mawas in Toukh Delkah city.
Tala was the birthplace for a number of great leaders and prominent figures who affected greatly on the future of Egypt like Presidern Mohamed Anwar El Sadaat and the modern poet Ahmed Abd El Moety Hegazi and other.
Sers El Laian
Sers El Laian is one of the major cities in El Menoufeya Governorate located between Menouf and El Bagour cities. It locates about 60km away from Cairo and about 20 km away from Shebin El Kom city.
It encloses a wide range of agricultural lands and is famous for some traditional crops such as wheat, rice and cotton in addition to some vegetables like cucumber and this is the reason for calling it in that name which means center of planting cucumber.
The most important places in the city are El Arabaeen mosque, Al-Kurdi Mosque, and Abu El Rous Mosque. The major economic resources for the city are agriculture, and some industries such as rice mills, glass manufactures and other food industries. The government pays a great attention to the city and works hard for providing inhabitants with all essential services of water supply, health care services and education.
Quesna is the third major administrative center in El Menoufeya Governorate after Ashmoun and El-Saddat that covers about 205 km². It is bordered from the east with El Qalyoubia Governorate, from the west with Shebin El Kom and from the south with Berket El Sabea.
This strategic location in the center of the governorate and on the driveway linking between Alexandria and Cairo doubled its importance. It is one of the major industrial areas in the city that is regarded as the major industrial zone in the governorate since it encloses two major industrial zones. Mubarak Industrial zone; It provides about 200 people with job opportunity and encloses a large number of workshops for specialized industries. Secondly, Kafr El Raml in Quesna that provides more than 2500 job opportunity for the youth.
El Shohada is one of the administrative centers in El Menoufiya Governorate bordered with Shebin El Kom City from the west, and Tala from the east. It is known for that name because a large number of the Muslim leaders and warriors in the Muslim army who invaded the city for spreading Islam in it lost their life in their war against the Roman rulers of the city.
It comprises of some cities and villages and encloses a number of monuments like the Mosque of Sidi Mohamed Shebl El Aswad, one of the martyrs. The main economic resources for the village are agriculture and food industry.
El Sadaat City
El Sadaat city is a major city which has been taken from the land of El Beheira Governorate to be annexed to El Menoufeya Governorate to decrease the density of population of people in that governorate.
It locates on the driveway linking between Alexandria and Cairo and the industrial area in the city is placed in the eastern side away from the residential area to decrease the effect of pollution on the people. The major economic resources for the city are agriculture and some industries of chemical products, ceramics, and plastic objects.
El Bagour is one of the administrative centers of El Menoufiya Governorate that locates few meters away from El Qalyoubia Governorate. It comprises of a number of smaller villages and towns and the major part of its area is agrilcultural land. It is renowned for producing agricultural crops like Cotton ginning and other industries that depend mainly on agriculture and raising poultry.
The most important monumental places in the city are El Arbaeen Mosque, Sidi Shehab Mosque and Sidi Yunes Mosque.
Berket El Sabea
Berket El Sabea is one of the administrative centers of El Menoufeya Governorate on the Delta of the Nile located on the way linking between Alexandria and Cairo. It is bordered from the north with El Gharbia Governorate, the south with Quesna City, from the east with Zefta , and from the west with Tala City.
It covers about 118km and encloses a wide range of agricultural lands and is famous for producing traditional crops as wheat, rice and cotton and some types of vegetables. Berket El Sabea encloses a large number of cities and towns including Mit Fares, El Ghuri Village, and Kafr Eleim. The major economic resource for the city are agriculture, food industries and spinning and weaving industry.
Ashmoun is one of the administrative centers of El Menoufiya Governorate that is bordered with El Qalyoubia from the east, Giza from the west, Menouf and El Bagour cities from the north, and El Qanater El Khairia from the south. It is a densely populated area that is renowned for handmade carpet industry, and textile ginning that are regarded as the main source of income for most of the inhabitants.
Ashmoun is a city of a great history that date back to the ancient Egyptian eras, since its name is derived from the word Ash Amun which means" Beit AMun or Amun's House". The most important monument in this city is the roman fortress on which El Umary Mosque which are regarded as the major tourist sites in the city.