The God Thuth

Despite of his indispensable role in the ancient Egyptian mythology, Thuth has never occupied the position of one of the members of the divine family or as a Chief god in any myth. There are many sources and myths that present him one of the major gods who were accompanying the sun god in the solar boat and responsible for setting the daily course of the chief god. He attained more power in the declining years of Ra, when he occupied the position of Ra's assistant who was responsible for the moon and keeping the stability of the sun god. In the Pyramids Texts, Thuth is described as one of the prominent gods in the underworld who serve in many posts including carrying the recently dead souls on his wing to cross the "winding waterway" and on the other shore serving as the protector and messenger of the Chief god who uses his cutting knife to attack his enemies. There are also many depictions presenting Thuth as a member in the court standing next to the scale that was used for weighing the heart of the dead and writing down the judgment of the dead in a papyrus scroll. Some of the spells of the pyramid Texts and the Coffin Texts present Thuth as a "Peacemaker" who reconciles between the conflicting gods like Horus and Seth. In other resources, he was in charge of monitoring the eye of Horus in its journey to wards the kind in order to give him eternity. Thuth was considered as the god of science due to his great knowledge of the celestial mathematics that made him responsible for maintaining the balance of earth. He is credited to naming the things that exist on the surface of earth and establishing the sciences of medicine, astronomy, music and others. It is registered in the Book of the Dead that he was responsible for writing letters on behalf of the gods of Annu.

 The Forms of God Thuth

The usual depiction of Thuth was as a baboon or an Ibis and the reason for involving the ibis in the depiction of Thuth, as mentioned in one of the old myths, is that Ra commanded Thuth, the Ibis to be his messenger who helps him in the weary burdens of mankind and the daily tiring journey. Moreover, the ancient Egyptians prohibited sacrificing the Ibises and regarded it as a sacred bird. The Ibises were presented as sacrifice for Thuth and there is a large necropolis that was dedicated to these mummified ibises nearby Menia or the ancient Hermopolis. On the wall paintings in the Temple of Ramsses II, Thuth is depicted as baboon worshipping the sun god. Other times, Thuth appears a dog-faced ape, since the apes are known for their wisdom. The gates of the shrine of Thuth in El-Ashuein nearby Menia were usually preceded by statues of giant apes. The Egyptian Museum displays many statues for Thuth as an ape in addition to his statue as an Ibis standing next to a scribe that is regarded as one of the rarest and most admired statues for him. The Book of the Dead highlights that in the underworld Thuth was usually standing next to the scale writing the judgment on the dead, and he is presented in this scene in two different shapes: the first as an Ibis, while the second as an Ibis-headed man. These two different shapes were sometimes supplied with the lunar disk over the head which is used as a symbol for Thuth as the deputy of Ra in his declining years and was responsible for the lunar eye. The statues of Thuth as an Ibis-headed man can be found in several places and temples throughout Egypt including the tomb Seti I and king Tutankhamun. There are some wall paintings in the temples of Luxor presenting Thuth while pouring libations over the heads of the king.

More Articles

Hapi, The Nile God

Hapi in the ancient Egyptian mythology is the god of the Nile River and the source of life of all the people, animals and plants around it. The excessive fascination with the power of Nile River and i

Read More

Introduction to Mummification

Blessed with a long, rich history as well as countless marvels and wonders, the Land of the Pharaohs always reveals bewildering mysteries. Huge volumes of research and studies have been dedicated to t

Read More

Horus, The King of The Earth

Horus is one of the prominent and most influential gods in the ancient Egyptian mythology and the hero of several myths. The priests of Ra placed Horus in the Ennead as the son of Isis and Osiris and

Read More

Lotus Flower Myth

According to the ancient Egyptian Myth of Creation, before life the whole world was nothing but a wide dismal sea until the Lummous Lotus Flower came out of the water bringing light and perfume to the

Read More

Maat, The Goddess of Justice

Maat is one of the goddesses in the ancient Egyptian mythology that was regarded as a symbol for wisdom and justice and other moral values that help mankind to live properly. The usual depiction of he

Read More

The Ennead of Heliopolis

The Ennead is a group of nine gods and goddesses in the Egyptian mythology topped by Ra, the Chief sun god. Before life, the whole universe was nothing but a huge dismal sea and all the gods and godde

Read More

Ra, the Father of Kings

This myth was used to serve a crucial political purpose which id the desire of the members of the 5th dynasty and the members of the family of Cheops in particular to give themselves the legitimacy of

Read More

The Secret Name of Ra

Ra in the ancient Egyptian mythology was the sun god and the father of all the other gods and goddesses who grow older and weaker in his declining years and began to commission his faithful, wise and

Read More

The Sun-God and the Phoenix

The Phoenix is a mythical bird that was always pictured in the ancient Egyptian mythology as a handsome bird with two long legs, two feathers falling from the back of his head and a straight beak. It

Read More

The God Khnum

Khnum is one of the ancient Egyptian gods who had been worshiped many years before the Pyramid Texts and was worshiped many centuries after Christ but there is no accurate reference for the period of

Read More

The Goddess Hathor

Hathor in the ancient Egyptian religion was presented as the Earth mother who was called in the Coffin Text "the Primeval or the Lady of All". The origin of Hathor is a highly controversial issue sinc

Read More

The God of Fertility, Min

Min was the god of fertility in the ancient Egyptian mythology that had been deified in several centers throughout Egypt including Koptos and Panopolis probably in the 20th dynasty. In the 11th dynast

Read More

The Sacred Family of Abidos

In the ancient Egyptian mythology, Osiris was the Chief Judge of the dead in the under world, the husband of Isis and the father of Horus the younger. He was regarded as the reason for fertility of th

Read More

The Triad of Memphis

Built by the kings of the First Dynasty, Memphis had been the capital city of Egypt around 3000 BC, after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. Though not much have survived from ancient Memphis,

Read More

The Triad of Thebes

During the Middle Kingdom, (2133-1786 B.C), Thebes was regarded as the center of the political and religious affairs in Egypt and the center of the civilized world. The most distinguishing feature of

Read More
We use cookies. Some are ours and others are of third parties cookies. Theses cookies facilitate the experience of the user in our website and helps finishing transactions requested by the user. If you continue browsing, we will consider that you accept the use of cookies. You can get more information here. x