The Nilometer at Elephantine Island, in Aswan was used since the Pharaonic Era to measure the water level of the Nile, up to the nineteenth century, thus allowing the determining of taxes the farmers had to pay and take measures in case of high or low floods. The Nilometer was always annexed to temples and only priests and kings and nobles were allowed to enter it. Just beside the Nilemeter, The Tropic of Cancer passes.
The Ruins of Khnum Temple At Elephantine Island
It is believed to have been built by Queen Hatshepsut of the 18th Dynasty. It lies on the south side of Elephantine Island. Khnum was one of the important gods of Ancient Egypt who, although not reaching the rank of a national god, was considered the manufacturer of man. In his cir