In extensive warrens of tunnels stretching far underground, the Birds Necropolis lies in Qarat El Farargi (the ‘Hill of the Chicken Merchant’), to the south of the town of El Bawiti, near the ruins of a XVII Dynasty temple and settlement, in the Bahariya Oasis. Ancient Egyptians believed in the great importance of mummifying birds in pleasing their deities. Here, there are subterranean galleries for the mummified sacred Ibis and falcons, dating from the Late to the Greco-Roman Period. The tombs had recesses in the walls for stacking the jars which contained the mummified birds. On walls of the tombs were found different graffiti for a number of gods and goddesses and burial items.
Valley of the Golden Mummies
The Valley of the Golden Mummies is a Greco-Roman necropolis, located about 6 km from El-Bawiti, the capital of El Bahariya Oasis, in the Western Desert. Discovered by Ashry Shaker in 1996, the valley is considered the most spectacular discovery since the finding of the Tomb of Tutankhamun.