Khnum is one of the ancient Egyptian gods who had been worshiped many years before the Pyramid Texts and was worshiped many centuries after Christ but there is no accurate reference for the period of his worship in any of the ancient books. In the early years of his worship, Khnum was not regarded as a creator but after gaining more popularity and power he was regarded as the creator of the whole universe. Khnum was the head of the Triad of Elephantine Island of Phiala Island accompanied by his wife Satis that was known as “the dispenser of cool water coming from Elephantine” her water was used for purifying the dead and her sister Anuket that was known as the goddess of Lust. The usual depiction of Khnum is a ram-headed man with a scepter and an ankh in his hand. His head was always topped either with the crown of Upper Egypt with its plums, disk or cobra, or with a pot of water over the horns of the ram as a symbol for the Nile.
– Khnum, The Creator of Gods and Human Beings
This myth says that Khnum created an egg on his potter’s wheel and then the sun got out from it to enlighten the dismal and chaotic world. Some paintings on the walls of Luxor temples depict him while creating mankind as creating a child on his potter wheel and then putting it in the womb of his mother. This justifies calling him: the Mother of Mothers and the Father of Fathers”.
– Khnum and the Seven Years of Drought
The myth tells about the story that took place in the third dynasty approximately in the reign of Zoser. It is narrated that the Egypt was cursed with the lack of water and the stop of flood for seven successive years. To know the main reason for this problem, the king went to the god of the Nile river who responsible for allowing the flood to cover the lands or prevent it, the main source from which the Nile river stems. He found the doors guarded by the god Khnum. The king presented many sacrifices for Khnum and asked about the reason for this curse. Khnum replied angrily saying that he was enraged by the negligence of humans of him and his temple, while presenting many sacrifices and paying a great attention to the temples of other minor gods. He assured also that he was the creator of all human beings, the father of all gods including Shu, and the processor of earth. In an attempt to regain the satisfaction of Khnum, the king imposed new taxes on the people in order to restore the Temple of Khnum. As a result the god forgave the mortal creatures, allowed the water to flood and returned life to the dead lands. That’s why the many historians argue that the king and his priests made up this myth and that god in order to convince people to pay more taxes willfully.
– Khnum Amulet
Khnum was am ram-headed god and is closely connected with the rise of the Nile, heralding life- bringing inundation. He is often shown creating mankind on a potter’s wheel. This amulet would be worn to evoke the powers of creation. Placed in row of gods on chest, or on the stomach