Zagazig is the capital of El Sharqiya Governorate located about 80 km to the east of Cairo. The city is built on Bahr El Muizz Canal (the ancient channel of the Nile) that is a branch of Ismailiya Canal to be a residence for the workers in the barrages of the eastern branch of the Nile. The main economic resources of the city are driven from agriculture, commerce, textile industry, and the administrative services.
Additionally, within the city's limits stands Zagazig University, one of the tremendously great universities in Egypt. It was mainly erected to promote the educational and regional development of the governorate. It comprises a large number of branches in most of the specialties and provided with a highly qualified teaching staff. Zagazig is the birthplace of many famous figures in Egypt including Abd El Halim Hafez, Ahmed Zaky and many others.

Orabi Museum

Orabi Museum (known as 'Sharqiya National Museum' or 'Zagazig Museum') is located in the village of Hereyet Razna, now a district of Zagazig. Hereyet Razna (Heriyet Rezna) is the birthplace of Colonel Ahmed Orabi, who led the democratic activities against Khedive Tawfik and fought the British armies that invaded Egypt in 1882. The museum houses the plans and illustrations of the battles Orabi fought in as well as a collection of personal objects of the leaders. It also contains some interesting archaeological exhibits.

Ancient Bubastis

The ruins of ancient Bubastis, once the capital of the 18th Nome of Am-Khent (the Bubastite nome) in Lower Egypt, are located 3 km southeast from the city of Zagazig in Sharqiya. The city's name, which comes from the ancient Egyptian Per-Bastet, means 'The Place of Bastet', the cat-lioness goddess identified with Sekhmet, the wife of Ptah. It also hosted the feast celebrating the cat-goddess.
The whole city acquired massive importance during the Ramesside Period and it became the capital of Egypt during the Twenty-second and Twenty-third Dynasties. Today, the site contains some blocks and ruins of temples built by both Osorkon II (883-850 BC) and Nectanebo II (360-342 BC). Additionally, there are also catacombs for cats, which date back to the Old Kingdom, from the period of King Pepi I (2289-2255 BC).