Sohag City is the capital of Sohag Governorate on the west bank of the Nile. It is regarded as the main educational center for the governorate since it enclose about seven faculties and numerous vocational training centers that have been established for increasing the educated people in Upper Egypt. About 16km away from Sohag, another city called New Sohag was established in 2000 and supplied with a huge medical institute equipped with highly advanced technologies and services. Sohag City is also one of the tourist attractions in Egypt because it encloses a number of Coptic monuments including the Red Monastery and the White Monastery. Further more, there are several mud-brick cemeteries dating back to the Old Kingdom in ancient Egypt. Sohag can be easily reached using railroads extended from Cairo to Sohag and the other routs linking it to the neighboring governorates including Assiut. It is renowned for its magnificent natural beauty and moderate weather that attract tourists for visiting it. It is planed also to establish an international airport in Sohag for boosting the developmental process and investments in that area. The main economic resources for the city are tourism, administrative and educational services, and trade.