Saint Catherine City is one of the popular tourist attractions not only in South Sinai but also in Egypt for its great religious value. This area that dates back to the 14th century locates at the foot of Moses Mountain or Gabal Musa in Sinai and encloses more than 200 religious places. Worth visiting in this area are Saint Catherine Monastery, the basilica that dates back to the 6th century, and the Mosque which was constructed in the Fatimid period.
For a long period, it was inhabited by monks and Bedouins and this justifies the existence of such great number of monasteries and religious places. Nowadays, it is inhabited by Bedouin tribes and most of them are Muslims. Due to its great religious and touristic value, it is provided with all amenities and comforts that attract people and tourists to it like education services, hospitals, and police stations. It also comprises of a large number of areas such as El Raha, and El Milga that was regarded as a meeting point where pastoral Arab tribes who move from place to place can meet annually.