Rosetta or Rashid is a port city in El Beheira Governorate on the Mediterranean Coast in Egypt. Distinctively, Rasheed is distinguished by the abundance of the Islamic monuments in it to the extent that it is planed to make of it an open museum for Islamic art. Rosetta occupied the position of Alexandria being the major port Egypt after the Ottoman conquest in the 16th century. Notwithstanding, it began to decline against Alexandria since the 2nd half of the 19th century. In 1799, a French soldier found the famous Rosetta Stone that later helped Champollion resolve the ideograms of the Ancient Egyptian language. In 1807, the army of Mohamed Ali and the people of Rosetta defeated the English army that tried to occupy Egypt. Within its limits, the city comprises 22 monumental residences, 12 mosques, mills, castles and public baths, the majority of which date back to the Ottoman Era. Near Rosetta, there are some cemeteries and archeological sites that date back to the Greco-Roman Period such as: Tarbiyat El-Add, Tarbiyat El-Alayem, Abu Mandour and Tell Dibi.