Qalyub is one of the major cities in El Qalyubiya Governorate near which lies the archeological site of Ancient Heliopolis, one of the oldest cities in Qalyubiya. Qalyoub administrative center comprises nearly 6 rural units: Balaks, Sendyoun, Sanafeer, Tanan, Meet Halfa, and Naiy, with more than 16 affiliated villages. Qalyub hosts a number of basic manufactures such as caned food, press, paper, iron, textile, and automotive industries. Additionally, the city largely depends on agriculture as well as on animal and poultry breeding. Among the several monuments one can find in Qalyub is Al Zaher Beybars Mosque which was built during the Mamluk Period (circa 670-672 ah).