Port Said City is the capital of Port Said Governorate and one of the major ports on the Mediterranean Sea Coast. It is located on the western bank of the Suez canal opposite to Port Fuad. The city was so named after the name of Khedive Said, who ruled Egypt in the 19th century and began the project of digging the Suez Canal. During the Pharaonic Period, its name was ‘Sena Per-Amun’ (the House of Amoun). In Greco-Roman Period, it was named Pelusium.The Arabs called it Al-Farma. The Nile had a branch that ended in a city with the same name. For its position, the city was always exposed to attacks launched by the invaders of Egypt. In the 20th century, the city suffered a great deal of destruction throughout the wars of 1956, 1967 and 1973. In the wake of the re-inauguration of the Suez Canal, President Saddat favored Port Said and declared it a free trade zone which led the city into a rapid prosperity.
The major economic resources for the city are mainly derived from the Suez Canal Traffic and logistic services during the exportation of frozen seafood and agricultural products that come from the other governorates. Port Said City is renowned for some industries such as textile, clothing, and car spare parts like batteries and tires. The city is provided with all the essential services especially railways linking it with other governorates for facilitating transporting goods.