North Sinai is one of the governorates of Egypt located in the northern portion of Sinai Peninsula with the Mediterranean Sea to its south and the Egyptian borders with Palestine to its east. This strategic position makes it the eastern fortress for Egypt that most of the invaders of Egypt used it for entering the country. it was the gate from which the Islamic troops headed by Amr Ibn El As entered Egypt and spread Islam in it. On the lands of North Sinai, Napoleon Troops were defeated and ousted from Egypt after signing the Agreement of 1800 in El Arish. Additionally, North Sinai witnessed also the Egyptian defeat in 1976 against the Israeli Troops and the vengeance and landslide victory in 1973. This great history in addition to the great religious value of the land of North Sinai makes it one of the most important governorates.
Christians consider Sinai as a holy land because the Holy Family passed by it during their journey to Egypt. Moreover, North Sinai Governorate covers about 27564km² and it regarded one of the least densely populated governorates in Egypt. The Capital of the governorate is El Arish City and the major part of its inhabitants are nomads. The main economic resources for the city are tourism and some handcrafts such as spinning and weaving of the wool of cattle and manual carpets and other crafts the help people on earning their living. On the Land of Turquoise, North Sinai, one can enjoy incomparable natural beauty and unique weather since it represents the land where the desert and the sea meet together. It is one of the preferable destinations for most of the tourists because of the charm of its golden beaches, crystal clear turquoise water. There are numerous beaches supplied with all means of comfort and entertainment in North Sinai including El Bardawil Beach, El Nakhil Beach, El Sheikh Zuwaid Beach, and El Masaeed Beach. On the land of North Sinai stands El Zaraniq Natural Park where tourists enjoy bird-Watching, Fishing, Safari tours and many other activities. It can be reached by air through El Arish International Airport or Sharm El Sheikh International Airport and then traveling by car using the railroad linking between Sinai and Sharm El Sheikh.