In Qena Governorate, on the west bank of the Nile, lies the town of Naqada which was known in Ancient Egypt as Nubt and in classical antiquity as Ombos. Famous for its archeological sites that belong to the prehistoric times and Predynastic Period around 4400-3000 BC, the town contains a large quantity of remains that have enabled the dating of the entire Naqada culture, throughout Egypt and environs. Nowadays, Naqada is a small town located about 30km southward Qena City, 25km northward Luxor, and 650km away from Cairo. The major part of Naqada inhabitants currently are Christians and it is famous for producing some handmade textile products known as El Farka and exporting it to Sudan. On its lands stand a marvelous collection of semi-ruined tombs dating back to various eras throughout history including Naqada Cemetery and the Step Pyramid of Ombs.