Monument Number: 382
Construction Date: 1255AH/1839AD
Construction Era: The Dynasty Of Mohammed Ali Pasha
Constructor Name: Emir Solayman Agha El-Silihdar
Monument Kind: Mosque
Address: El-Moez Le-Din Allah Street
The Mosque and Sabil-Kuttab of Solayman Agha El-Silihdar situates in the Qasaba and northward Darb El-Asfar. It was established by Emir Sulayman who occupied many prominent posts in the days of Mohammed Ali including the Armor or the supervisor of the arsenal. He is credited to building other buildings in Cairo at that time. The mosque of El-Silihdar is distinguished by the variety of decorations in it since combines between some features of the Cairene style of decoration and other styles from Istanbul and other places. This appears clearly in the façade’s decoration and the windows over it, in addition to the plant forms and the wooden eaves that appear in the mosque and the Sabil alike. The interior plan of the mosque consists of a central courtyard for prayer divided into three main aisles, and forecourt and both of them are directed to Mecca. Next to the entrance, there was a balustrade for reciting Holy Quran. Of special interest in this mosque are the shallow keel-shaped arcades supporting the interior plan, and the large marble inlaid Mihrab. In the upper floor of the mosque one can find the Malqaf or the window scope that was designed for allowing the fresh air to enter the mosque. The Sabil-Kuttab of the Sabil is in parallel to the street and it was used for providing water to the thirsty and religious education to the ignorant. The cistern of the Sabil that was used for keeping the water and was usually in the lower base was recently discovered.