Matrouh is a governorate in the Western Desert in Egypt, on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered with Giza and El Wadi El Gedid Governorates from the south, Alexandria Governorate from the east and Libya from the west. Being one of Egypt’s biggest governorates, Matrouh stretches over 166,563 km² and its capital is Marsa Matrouh. The governorate comprises on its land 5 distinctively different areas: the Coastal area, the Lybian Plateau, the Qattara Depression, the Oasis and the Sand Sea. Matrouh Governorate encloses a wide range of agricultural lands and is renowned for its production of wheat, fig, and dates.In addition, Matrouh is rich in mineral wealth including natural gas and other materials such as limestone, gypsum, and sands, extracted from El Hamma, and Siwa and many other places throughout the governorate. Matrouh also hosts some industries such as petrochemical industries and tobacco and encloses some industrial zones that provide the governorate with a part of its economic resources. Among the great incidents the governorate witnessed is the Battle of Alamein, when the Second World War was almost decided. Matrouh is one of the major tourist attractions in Egypt for its fascinating natural beauty and magnificent weather.
Tourists can practice various activities in Matrouh like safaris, swimming, diving and fishing while enjoying the fascinating beauty of the clear blue water and white sand. The importance of the governorate as a tourist place doubled after the establishment of Matrouh Internaional Airport that encourages many foreigners on starting their excursion in Egypt from Matrouh.