Helwan City is the capital of Helwan Governorate that locates about 25km away from Cairo. It is a city of a great histشory that traces back to the Mamluk period when it was regarded as the capital of Egypt and a large number of mosques and palaces was established in it. By the passage of time, the city suffered a great deal of destruction till Khedive Ismail decided to reconstruct it to be a place for thermal treatment due to the availability of Sulfuric water springs and magnificent weather. Nowadays Helwan is one of the populated places and a big industrial zone that encompasses many factories for steel, textile and cement industries. Thus the main economic resources of the city are industry and trade. In addition to factories, the city encloses a number of structures that distinuguish it including Helwan University, the Wax Museum, and Japanese Garden.