Giza is a governorate in the center of Egypt on the west bank of the Nile. It forms with Cairo and El Qalyubeya Governorate what is known as Greater Cairo. El Giza Governorate covers about 27, 564 km² and encloses about 9 administrative center, 11 city and a large number of districts and villages. It can be reached by plane since Giza is quite close to Cairo Airport and also Alexandria Airport. Thus most of the visitors of Egypt place Giza as the first station in their journey. Giza Governorate is one of the most visited places in Egypt for the existence of a marvelous collection of Pharaonic monuments like the Sphinx, the tombs of the Royal Family, high officials and workmen. Tourists enjoy the good weather of Egypt, riding Camels and interacting with kind and friendly Egyptians during their visit to Giza Plateau. Giza is one of the most ancient lands of great history that dates back to the ancient Egyptian times. In the Pharaonic Period, Giza was known as Manf or Memphis and was the first capital of the united Egypt at the reign of Narmer. It encloses a great number of monuments that traces back to various Pharaonic Dyenasties including Giza Plateau that is regarded as the major archeological find not only in Egypt but in the whole world. In the Islamic era, Giza occupied a prominent position since it was the closest place to the Fatimid capital El Fustat .
In modern era Giza Governorate witnessed the construction of the first Egyptian university that was known as Fuad I University and her name changed later to be Cairo University. Shopping in Giza is one of the preferable activities for tourists who keen on taking souvenirs from this place before leaving. There are numerous bazaars displaying copper and brass plates with Pharaonic engravings, alabaster statues and other handmade crafts but in a quit expensive prices. One can get the same exhibits or better in a cheaper price from bazaars in Khan El Khalili and El Darb El Ahmar in Cairo.