Gerga is one of the cities of Sohag Governorate in Upper Egypt. The actual name of the town is derived from Saint George but in ancient times the site was known as ‘Tjeny’, where scholars believe it is the mythological city of Thinis from where Menes led the unification of the country. In addition to the monumental places in that city, it is highly admired for its magnificent natural beauty of its greenery. The main economic resources for the city are small industries such as sugar and some handcrafts such as potter making. There are some monuments dating back to the Old Kingdom in Gerga including Beit Qalaf Necropolis of Mastabet Beit Khalaf which is a mud-brick tomb tracing back to the 3rd c. Due to the great importance of the city during the Coptic era, it encloses the oldest Roman Coptic Monastery in Egypt.