Places to visit in Saqqara, Giza, Cairo



Saqqara is a vast Ancient Egyptian necropolis in Giza Governorate of , about 18 km to the south of Giza City. The uniqueness of the site rests on its being the only necropolis in Egypt that includes tombs from the dawn of the Egyptian History till its end. Additionally, it includes some monuments of the Greco-Roman Period. It was named after the god of the necropolis, Sokar. In studying the monuments of the necropolis, we can divide the site into a number of sections: Firstly, The Northern Section; it comprises a number of tombs, the most famous of which are the Tomb of Kaaper (Sheikh El Balad) and the Tomb of Hesire.

The northern section also includes a Serapeum (the underground galleries reserved for burying the Ibis and Baboon after their mummification), a number of mud-brick mastabas for kings of the First and Second Dynasties, and a number of rock-cut tombs from the New Kingdom ; one of which is the Tomb of Aper-al. Secondly, the Middle Section that encloses the Complex of Zoser and the Pyramid of Userkaf, first king of the Fifth Dynasty. Thirdly, the Section of Teti Pyramid; it includes the Pyramid of Teti, first king of the Sixth Dynasty , the two pyramids of his wives: Iput and Khuit, as well as a number of tombs for some high officials such as Mereruka, Kagmeni, and Ankhmahor.

 

Fourthly, the Western Section that encompasses the Serapeum and a group of tombs, the most important of which is the Tombs of Ti , Ptahhotep , Akhethotep and the tomb of the philosophers. Fifthly, the Section of the Pyramid of Unas which includes the Pyramid of Unas with its complex, the Complex of Sekhemkhet (son of Zoser), a big number of tombs from the Old and New Kingdoms, and some tombs from the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Dynasties.

Additionally, this section involves a number of highly significant tombs belonging to some members of the Royal Family such as the Tomb Akhet-Hotep and the Mastabas of the Queen Khenut and Queen Nebet, Aynofret, Princess Idut, and the Vizier Mehu. Sixthly, the Southern Section that includes some pyramids of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties, pyramids of the queens, and the mastaba of Shepseskaf, known as 'Mastabet Pharaon'. Also found at the site were the Pyramids of Pepy I, Merienre, Pepy II, the Pyramids of the Queens (Neith, Iput), and the Pyramid of Tby, one of the kings of the Eighth Dynasty.






More about Places to visit in Saqqara, Giza, Cairo

Mastaba of the Two Brothers

Mastaba of the Two Brothers

The Mastaba of the Two Brothers is located in the section of the Pyramid of Unas, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. The 'Two Brothers' are Niankhkhnum and Khnemhotep who lived during the Fifth Dynasty, oc

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The Pyramid of Sekhemkhet

The Pyramid of Sekhemkhet

The Pyramid of Sekhemkhet is located in the section of Unas Pyramid, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. Though unfinished, the Complex of Sekhemkhet is similar to that of King Zoser in most of its parts an

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Mastaba of Mereruka in Sakkara, Giza

Mastaba of Mereruka in Sakkara, Giza

Mereruka held the title "Vizier of the King (Teti) of Upper and Lower Egypt", an office which made him the second most powerful person in the state, as both Prime Minister and Chief Justice. Not onl

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Sun Temples at Abu Ghourab

Sun Temples at Abu Ghourab

One of the splendid examples of the Sun Temples, built by the rulers of the Fifth Dynasty to express their preference to the Heliopolitan sun-god Re, is that of King Neuserre at Abu-Ghourab. In its ge

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Tomb of Ptah-Shepses in Abu Sir , Giza

Tomb of Ptah-Shepses in Abu Sir , Giza

The site of Abusir includes a group of tombs of high officials from the Old Kingdom, among which is the massive Tomb of Ptah-Shepses who lived at the end of the Fourth Dynasty and during the reign of

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Temple of Ne-User-Ra Abu Ghurob., Giza

Temple of Ne-User-Ra Abu Ghurob., Giza

From the Temple of Ne-user-Re, we knew that the general complex of a Sun Temple consists of the god's temple, the causeway, and the valley temple. The god's temple consists of a gateway that leads to

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Tomb of Aper-el

Tomb of Aper-el

Revealed by Alain Zivie, the Tomb of Aper-el (or Aperia) is located in the section of Unas Pyramid, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. Aper-el was a vizier under the reigns of Amenhotep III and Akhenaten i

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Mastaba of Ankhmahor

Mastaba of Ankhmahor

The Mastaba of Ankhmahor is situated in the section of the Pyramid of Unas, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. Ankhmahor held the titles of a Vizier, 'First under the King', and 'Overseer of the Great Hous

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Mastaba of Vizier Mehu

Mastaba of Vizier Mehu

Mehu was ‘Chief Justice and Vizier’ during the early part of Dynasty VI, probably during the reigns of Teti and Pepy I, and was married to three wives. One of his wives, Iku, is named as ‘King

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Mastaba of Shepseskaf

Mastaba of Shepseskaf

Pharaoh Shepseskaf was the last ruler of the Fourth Dynasty and reigned for perhaps 5 years. The Mastaba of Shepseskaf (also known as 'Mastabet Pharaon') is located a few dozen meters southeast of the

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Mastaba of Queens Khenut and Nebet

Mastaba of Queens Khenut and Nebet

Queens Nebet (Nebit) and Khenut were wifes of King Unas (Unis). The Double Mastaba of Nebet and Khenut is located in the section of the Pyramid of their husband, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. It origi

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Mastaba of Kagmeni

Mastaba of Kagmeni

Kagmeni (also known as Memi) was an official, a judge, and a priest. The apotheosis of Kagemni's career took place under the Sixth Dynasty ruler Teti (2321-2290 BC), when he became vizier and head of

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Pyramid of Djedkare

Pyramid of Djedkare

The Pyramid of King Djedkare is located in the southern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. The owner of the pyramid was the 8th ruler of the Fifth Dynasty in the Old Kingdom. Both the pyramid and t

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Pyramid of Merenre I

Pyramid of Merenre I

The Pyramid of Merenre I is located in the southern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. It dates back to King Mer-En-Ra (Merenre) of the Sixth Dynasty. Built close to that of his father, Pepi I, Mer

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Pyramid of Pepy I in Saqqara

Pyramid of Pepy I in Saqqara

The Pyramid of Pepy I is located in the southern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. It is famous for the Pyramid Texts written on its walls. It is known that the name of the pyramid is 'Pepy Men-ne

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Pyramid of Pepy II in Saqqarah

Pyramid of Pepy II in Saqqarah

The Pyramid of Pepy II is located in the southern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. King Pepi II ruled the country for about 94 years, longer than any pharaoh. His pyramid has a complex with a mor

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Pyramid of Queen Iput

Pyramid of Queen Iput

The Pyramid of Queen Iput, wife of King Teti (2323-2291), was constructed at a distance of about 100 m to the north of the mortuary temple of her husband. It is small is size; and it seems that it was

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Pyramid of Queen Khuit in Saqqara

Pyramid of Queen Khuit in Saqqara

The Pyramid of Khuit, which belongs to Teti's wife, Khuit, is located in the section of Teti Pyramid in the Necropolis of Saqqara, near the Pyramid of Teti's other wife, Iput. The pyramid (now in ruin

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Pyramid of Queen Neith

Pyramid of Queen Neith

The Pyramid of Neith is located in the southern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara, near the pyramid of her husband, Pepi II. The pyramid had a complex surrounded by an enclosure wall, a mortuary te

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Pyramid of Unas in Saqqara

Pyramid of Unas in Saqqara

The Pyramid of Userkaf is located in the middle section of the Necropolis of Saqqara, near Zoser Complex. Dating back to Fifth Dynasty, it belongs to King Userkaf. Due to the great deal of damage the

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Pyramid of Userkaf in Saqqara

Pyramid of Userkaf in Saqqara

The Pyramid of Userkaf is located in the middle section of the Necropolis of Saqqara, near Zoser Complex. Dating back to Fifth Dynasty, it belongs to King Userkaf. Due to the great deal of damage th

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Pyramid of Teti in Saqqara

Pyramid of Teti in Saqqara

The Pyramid of Teti is located in the section of the Pyramid of Teti in the Necropolis of Saqqara. Its original height was about 52.5 m. It was poor in its architectural design, but inside it are some

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Step Pyramid Complex of Zoser

Step Pyramid Complex of Zoser

The Step Pyramid Complex was built by King Zoser (Djoser) of the Third Dynasty and designed by his architect Imhotep. The only entrance of the complex is situated to the south-east corner that leads i

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The Ibis and Baboon Serapeum

The Ibis and Baboon Serapeum

The Ibis and Baboon Serapeum is located in the northern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. They are underground galleries reserved for burying the ibis and baboon after their mummification as being

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The Pantheon of the Philosophers

The Pantheon of the Philosophers

Dating back to the Roman Period, the Pantheon of the Philosophers is a semi-circle of statues of famous Greek philosophers and poets, located in the western section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. The '

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The Serapeum of Saqqara

The Serapeum of Saqqara

Dating back to the Greco-Roman Period, the Serapeum is located in the western section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. Close to the Serapeum lies the Greek Philosophers Circle, which contains statues of

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Tomb of Horemheb in Saqqara

Tomb of Horemheb in Saqqara

Horemheb was the "General of Generals of the Army" during the reigns of Tutankhamun and Ay. He ordered the works of his tomb before he occupied the throne as a Pharaoh after the death of King Ay. disc

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Tomb of Hesire

Tomb of Hesire

Hesire was a high official during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) of the Third Dynasty. He held the titles of: 'The Great one of Buto', 'Chief Dentist', 'Priest of Horus' and 'Royal Scribe'. He also

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Tomb of Kaaper

Tomb of Kaaper

The Tomb of Kaaper (or Ka-Aper) is situated in the northern section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. Dating back to the Fifth Dynasty, during the reign of King Userkaf, the tomb belongs to a noble call

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Tomb of Irukaptah

Tomb of Irukaptah

Dug entirely out of the rocky wall, the Tomb of Irukaptah is located in the section of Unas Pyramid, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. The tomb is known as the 'the Butchers Tomb'. Its owner was a chief o

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Tomb of Nefer

Tomb of Nefer

Nefer held the titles ‘Supervisor of Artisans’ and ‘Director of Choir Singers’ during early Fifth Dynasty. His tomb was a non-royal tomb of two esteemed musicians, a father and a son. It is lo

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Tomb of Maya

Tomb of Maya

Maya was Overseer of the Treasury and Overseer of Works during the reign of the boy-king Tutankhamun in the Eighteenth Dynasty. At Tutankhamun's death, Maya was responsible for the royal burial, which

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Tomb of Neferherenptah

Tomb of Neferherenptah

Neferherenptah was a barber in the royal palace with the title ' Overseer of Hairdressers of the Great House'. He was the father of a judge and scribe called Ptahshepses. The Mastaba of Neferherenptah

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Tomb of Neferrenpet

Tomb of Neferrenpet

The Tomb of Neferrenpet (Neferren-pet) is located in the section of Unas Pyramid, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. It dates back to the reign of Ramses II of the Nineteenth Dynasty. The excavations at th

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Tomb of Princess Idut

Tomb of Princess Idut

The Tomb of Idut (Idu) is located in the section of the Pyramid of Unas, in the Necropolis of Saqqara. It is one of the highly important tombs at the site. Its owner was a princess of the Royal Family

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Tomb of Ti

Tomb of Ti

Ti was an overseer of the pyramids and Sun-Temples of Kings Neferirkare and Neuserre of the Fifth Dynasty. His Tomb is located in the western section of the Necropolis of Saqqara. Its fame among the o

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