The natural park is located in the southeast corner of the Eastern Desert of Egypt, with an area of 35,600 km2. It was declared National Park in 1985 with the purpose to protect the valuable unique habitat and rich biodiversity. Involved within the reserve are multiple ecosystems: the mangroves of the Red Sea, the Red Sea itself, 22 islands, the coral reefs, the coastal dunes, the coastal wetlands, the coastal areas and plains of the desert as well as a group of coastal mountains (namely, Gabal Elba, Gabal Al Ebruq and Daeeb). What adds to the reserve’s splendid landscapes is the massive diversity of flora since it comprises over 400 species of plants such as Ferns, mosses, succulents (common at high altitudes), and Biscutella (common in Gebel Elba). At lower altitudes, in mountain foothills, Acacia Tortilis, Delonix elata, Aerva persica and Euphorbia cuneata are abundant. Along the coast, extend salt-marsh vegetation and mangrove strip. Not only is the area rich in flora biodiversity, but it truly manifests a multiplicity of fauna as well. Besides the wide range of mammals, this environment preserves African-tropical birds, ostrich (Struthio camelus) and Lappet-faced Vulture (Torgos tracheliotus) which still exist around the area of Gebel Elba although they have disappeared from most of its former North African / Middle East range.