El Kanater El Khairia is one of the major cities El Qalyubiya Governorate in the north of Cairo, where the Nile splits off into the Damietta and Rosetta (or Rashid) Branches, marking the beginning of the Nile Delta. It locates about 22km away from Cairo and is admired for the wide range of gardens, parks and agricultural area surrounding It. The city’s name –which means ‘The Dams of Welfare’– is driven from Mohamed Ali Dam that was built in 1840 with the purpose to spare water and protect the Delta from the high floods. Since then, the site became a preferred resort for both the local and foreign tourists. Both King Farouk and President Saddat used to spend some of their times in a palace there. From the Dam, various channels were caved to distribute water to the west, center and east of the Delta. The Dam itself is divided into two sections: one for Damietta Branch and the other for Rosetta Branch.