El Mahallah El Kubra is one of the biggest cities in El Gharbia Governorate and the capital of textile industry in Egypt. It covers about 123okm² and encloses a wide range of agricultural lands in addition to the industrial zones in it. The major part of the inhabitants work in spinning and weaving factories, trade and marketing since it is regarded as one of the major industrial and commercial centers in Egypt. In addition to the bright present and future of El Mahalla El Kubra, it has a great history that dates back to the ancient Egyptian time. In the Pharaonic era it was important city known as Didosia, while in the arab history it was a great commercial center and industrial zone for textile and clothes factories and was called’ Mahallat El Kobaraa’. In the reign of El Nasser Qalawun it was considered as the capital of a district that comprises of El Dakahliya and El Monoufeya Governorates and was called “Raodat El Bahrein or the sea meadows”. This resonating fame of El mahala as a center for ginning cotton and textile industry remained throughout history till Talaat Harb established Egypt Spinning and Weaving Company in Talaat Harb Street in El Mahalla that still exist.