El Arish is the capital of North Sinai Governorate, located on the Mediterranean Coast, about 345 km away from Cairo. On its land there are some branches of the Suez Canal University and this doubles the importance of the city. El Arish is a city of a great history dating back to the Ptolemaic period as mentioned in many of their texts. In the Bible, El Arish is known as ‘El Sukkot’, which means the ‘Palm Huts’.
Nowadays El Arish is one of the admirable summer resorts for many visitors whether Egyptians or foreigners because of its marvelous weather, golden beaches and high quality service presented in its hotels and beaches. Moreover, it can be easily reached by air using El Arish International Airport, or Cairo International Airport and then taking buses of East Delta Buses Company, or using Sharm El Sheikh International Airport. The main Economic resources of El Arish are Tourism since it encloses monumental places such as El Arish Citadel, El Nakhl Citadel, and Farma Citadel. Additionally, the city famous for its wide areas of palm trees and dates exportation that participates with a part of the income. El Arish strategic position in the northern entrance of Egypt made it a victim for most of the attacks that have been launched on Egypt including the Crusades attack, Napoleon Troops attack, and the WW1 and 2 and many other wars. It has been occupied by the Israeli troops from 1967 till 1997 and then it was regained after signing the Peace Treaty.