Over 37 years, during the reign of Ibn Tulun, Egypt gained a high importance and enjoyed prosperity and stability. After his death, Egypt became an unstable province for 30 years and it remained weak until Muhammad Ibn Tughg the Ikhshid came to Egypt. He was appointed Governor of Egypt in 935. He was given the title of Ikhshid (which means ‘prince’ in Persian) in 937, the name he gave to his dynasty. This title allowed him to rule somewhat independently of the Caliphate.
From 935 and until his death, he ruled the country under the symbolic order of the Baghdad Caliphate. Bin Tughj purchased Abu al-Misk Kafur as a slave in 923 and, recognizing the slave’s potential, made him a tutor to his children and a military officer. Eventually, al-Misk gained so much power that he succeeded Bin Tughj.