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Complex of Sultan El Ashraf Barsbay

The Complex of Sultan El-Ashraf Barsbay locates in the Northern Cemetery few meters southward the tomb of Gani Beck. this complex was established by Sultan Barsbay, one of the pious rulers of Egypt who assumed the power for about 16 years and is credited to establishing many places that still exist such as his Mosque-Khanqah in El-Moez Street. One of the worth seeing places in the surrounding area of Barsbay’s complex are the remains of the Tekiya of Ahmad Abu Seif that date back to the 15th century. The complex of Sultan Barsbay was once involving a Khanqah for the Sufis, Mausoleum, Mosque, two Sabils. Most of these buildings including the Sabils disappeared now and other parts were deformed during the later processes of restoration like the badly ornamented Minaret that stands next to the façade of the mausoleum. The mosque of the complex consists of a central courtyard with magnificent decorations and marble inlaid floor surrounded by four aisles. There is a row of arcades that separates the central aisle from the side naves and a number of windows with stained glass and stucco decorations used for illuminating and ventilating the interior plan. Of special interest in this mosque are the Mihrab in the southeastern wall that is more decorated than the one in the Khanqah, and the Minbar of magnificent star carvings that traces back to 1453. Next to the Mosque stands the mausoleum of Barsbay that is admired for its stained glass windows, the richly ornamented cenotaph of the Sultan and the Pearl, veneer joggling and marble inlaid Mihrab. The major part of the decoration of the tomb is original, except for the stucco carvings over the windows that were added in a later process of restoration. The tomb is surmounted by remarkably high dome that was handsomely ornamented with chevron decoration that date back to the early quarter of the 15th century but it was replaced with interlocking geometric patterns. The remaining parts of the floral decoration of the dome highlight that these decorations were added many years after the construction of the dome itself. There is a small shrine with a canopy hood and beautiful dome with geometric carvings that were not commonly used at that time.

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