Banha city is the capital El Qalyubiya Governorate that locates on the Damietta Branch of the Nile, about 50 km north from Cairo. This city was occupying a great position in the Pharaonic period since it was inhabited by one of the prominent ministers called Amenhotob Ben Habo and many other important figures in ancient Egypt lived in it for its strategic position. It was also the capital of the 10th nome in ancient Egypt in the Predynastic period. Moreover, in the vicinity of Banha, there is the archeological site of ancient Leontopolis, Tall al Yahudiya, and Athribis (which dates back to 1500 BC. The main economic resources of the city are driven from agriculture and textile, electronic as well as perfume industries. Banha University is one of the main factors for the prominent position of the city currently.