Assyut City is the capital of Assiut governorate and the major city in Upper Egypt. It is about 240 km to the south of Cairo and on the western bank of the Nile River. It is a city of a great history since it was the capital of the 13th Nome of Ancient Egypt and this is attributed to its unique position in the center of Upper and Lower Egypt. In the Greek period, it was known as Lycopolis and was the cult of the Jackal god Wepwawet and Anubis. Currently Assiut is regarded as one of the most important cities that encloses a university that is regarded as one of the major universities in Egypt, in addition to it International Airport that allows reaching it by air. In addition to that it encompasses a large number of hotels and apartments with all with all amenities and comforts. A large number of the inhabitants of the city are Christians for the existence of some of the important monasteries and religious sites such as Monastery of Virgin Mary. The city is famous for its agricultural production of cotton and grain and the existence of some ancient crafts such as Basketry works and textile products such as carpets and rugs. Assiut also is admired for its tourist sites that date back to various eras such as the Pharaonic Necropolis. There are also some other worth visiting sites including Lillian Trasher Orphanage, Banana Island, Assiut Barrage.