Abu El Matamir is a city in El Beheira governorate , with a population of both Bedouins and farmers. It is situated in the area to the south of Alexandria and Lake Mariut, extending to the Western Desert. The importance of the city is attributed to the existence of some important Pharaonic Necropolises in it or next to it. Among the ancient cemeteries discovered in the vicinity of the town are: Tell Makboura, Tell El Jil, Kom El Adda, Tell Trugi, Abu Gudour. All these cemeteries lie beneath modern villages. Interestingly, archeologists managed to find some remains of pottery or some blocks dating back to the Ptolemaic Era.