Karnak Temple

The Karnak temples are considered to be a history book stating the history of Egypt from the Middle Kingdom to the Ptolemaic Period. During the reign of Intef II (11th dynasty), Karnak Temple was called (Pr Imn) 'the House of Amun', and from the reig .....Mas

The Port of Karnak Temple

The Port of Karnak Temple was erected by King Ramses II and is located in front of the temple. It is a rectangular base built with blocks of sandstone. There are Hieroglyphic texts on the west face of this port recording the height of the Nile inunda .....Mas

The Ram-Headed Sphinxes Avenue within the Karnak Complex

The Ram-Headed Sphinxes Avenue is located before the first pylon and measures 52 m long and 12 m wide. It was erected by King Ramses II (19th dynasty) and later on usurped by King Pa-ndjm (21st dynasty). These statues have a lion body and a ram's hea .....Mas

The First Pylon of Karnak Temple

The First Pylon of Karnak Temple is an unfinished pylon and is considered the largest pylon in ancient Egypt. King Nht-nb.f I (30th dynasty) erected this pylon. It is built of sandstone and measures 133m in length, 40m high and 5m wide. It is consist .....Mas

The Great Open Court of Karnak Temple

The Great Open Court of Karnak Temple was built during the XXII Dynasty, it has a rectangular shape and measures 80m from north to south and 100m from west to east. On the south and northern-sides of this court, there are two rows of columns with bud .....Mas

The Triple Chapels of Seti II in Karnak Temple

There are three chapels made from grey sandstone that were erected by King Seti II and situated in the northwest corner of the open court. They are dedicated to the triad of Thebes and used as resting chapels for the barques during the Opet festivals .....Mas

Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Complex

On the south side of the great open court, is a small temple, built by Ramses III (20th dynasty). It is extended from north to south and measures 52m in length. .....Mas

The Pylon of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples

The pylon of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples consists of two towers, between them the entrance, which flanked in each side by a standing royal statue of King Ramses III, advanced with his left leg, wearing the double crowns. On the west to .....Mas

The Open Court of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples

The east and west sides of the Open Court of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples are surrounded by 8 square-pillars, having against their front side's royal standing osirid statues representing Ramses III. On the back of the east tower, there .....Mas

The Portico of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Complex

We enter the Portico of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Complex through an ascending ramp at the south end of the open court. The roof of the portico is supported by a row of four columns with bud close papyrus capitals. All the scenes of this por .....Mas

The Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples

The Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples has 8 columns with bud close papyrus capitals supporting its roof. At the south end of this hall, there are three sanctuary of the triad of Thebes. The reliefs here show the king in the .....Mas

The Sanctuaries of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples

The middle sanctuary of the Temple of Ramses III in Karnak Temples is dedicated to Amun-Re. There are two windows at the top of the eastern and western walls to illuminate the shrine. The east sanctuary is for goddess Mut and the west sanctuary for .....Mas

The Bubastite Gate in the Karnak Temple

This gate was erected by the kings of the 22nd dynasty. It is located to the east side of the temple of Ramses III. It has two columns before the gate. It is called Sheshonq's Gate. The scene of the facade on the gate shows King Sheshonq I, Teklot a .....Mas

The Kiosk of Taharqa in the Temple of Karnak

This Kiosk was erected by King Taharqa (25th dynasty) for resting the barque of god Amun in the Opet festival. It is situated in the middle of the great open court and originally had 5 columns on each side, all the columns are in ruins except one col .....Mas

The Three Statues of Ramses II in the Temple of Karnak

There are three standing statues of Ramses II on the sides of the entrance of the second pylon. The southern statue is in good condition representing the king advanced with his left leg, wearing the double crown and the royal kilt, 'Shndit'. Dr. Hama .....Mas

The Second Pylon of Karnak Temple

The Second Pylon of Karnak Temple was erected by King Horemheb, the last king of the 18th dynasty, and Ramses I, the founder of the 19th dynasty. King Ramses II inscribed his names on the walls of this pylon (This pylon was restored by the Egyptian A .....Mas

The Hypostyle Hall of Karnak Temple

The Hypostyle Hall of Karnak Temple is the largest Hypostyle hall in the world, It has no equal anywhere. The size of this hall is 600 sq. meters. It measures 52 m. from west to east and 103 meters from north to south. It has 134 columns, arranged in .....Mas

The Third Pylon of Karnak Temple

The Third Pylon of Karnak Temple was built by Amenhotep III. This pylon was restored in 1930 and during the restoration, they found in the core of this pylon several earlier monuments rebuilt again, in the Open-Air Museum at Karnak temples, such as: .....Mas

The Fourth Pylon and the Obelisks Court of Karnak Temple

The Fourth Pylon of Karnak Temple was constructed by King Tuthmosis I. the inner core made of sandstone and dressed by white limestone. Between the 3rd and 4th pylons is a small court that originally contained 4 obelisks, but only one is now standin .....Mas

The Transverse Hall and the Two Obelisks of Hatshepsut in Karnak Temple

This transverse hall was built by King Tuthmosis I and located between the 4th and 5th pylons. It has 14 papyrus columns and 37 Osiris statues of Tuthmosis I. This hall was roofed with cedar wood. Queen Hatshepsut erected 2 obelisks for god Amun, in .....Mas

The Fifth Pylon and the Transverse Hall of Tuthmosis III in Karnak temple

The Fifth Pylon in Karnak temple was erected by King Tuthmosis I. The facade of the northern tower of this pylon is decorated with a traditional scene showing Tuthmosis I smiting his enemy with his mace in the presence of Amun. At the bottom of this .....Mas

The Sixth Pylon and the Records Hall of Tuthmosis III in Karnak Temple

The Sixth Pylon was built by Tuthmosis III. The facade of the northern tower is carved with scenes of the famous Megeddo Battle, together with the names of 23 fortresses of the Asiatic land. Behind the 6th pylon is the Records Hall of Tuthmosis III. .....Mas

The Sanctuary of Philip Arhadeaus in Karnak Temple

Philip Arhadeaus is the half-brother of Alexander the Great. His sanctuary replaced an earlier sanctuary of Queen Hatshepsut or Tuthmosis III. This sanctuary consists of 2 shrines. The inner shrine is made out of dark pink granite while the exterior .....Mas

The Middle Kingdom Court in Karnak Temple

The earliest part of the Temple of Amen, a large open court, can be found in east of the shrine of Philip Arrhidaeus. Senusret I, of the Twelfth Dynasty, built a shrine here. Recent excavations have revealed traces of its foundation walls and trenche .....Mas

The Akh-Menou (or The Festivals Hall) of Thutmes III in Karnak Temple

East of the Middle Kingdom Court, we find Thutmes III's Akh¬Menou or Festival Hall, which served to celebrate the Heb-sed ceremony or the Jubilee of the Pharaoh. The axis and entrance of this hall are from south to north, behind two sixteen-sid .....Mas

Karnak Kings List

During the 19th century, the Karnak Kings List was found in the southwest corner of the Akh-Menu Hall. It was written in the reign of Thutmes III, and it lists sixty-one kings starting with Snefru of the Old Kingdom. In these Stella, Thutmes III's t .....Mas

The Botanical Garden in The Akh-Menou (The Festivals Hall) of Thutmes III in Karnak Temple

One of the most interesting rooms in the Ahh-Menou (The Festivals Hall of Thutmes III) is the so-called the Botanical Garden which lies at the east of the hall at the end of the Building. The walls of the Botanical Garden display remarkable drawings .....Mas

The Eastern Part of Karnak Temple

At the Eastern wall of the Temple of Amun, we find the Chapel of the Hearing Ear; a small sanctuary which contained no entrance to the inner temple because it was built for common Egyptians, who were not generally allowed into many, if not any, of th .....Mas

Karnak Sacred Lake and the Priests Village

South of the Thutmosis III Temple, there are passing walls decorated with scenes of Thutmes II making offerings to various deities. The visitor will also find the Sacred Lake of the temple, which dates back to Taharqa (Dynasty 26). It measures 200 b .....Mas

The Scarab of Karnak

At the northwest corner of the Sacred Lake, one can find a cafeteria and a nice bookshop. Immediately to its west, a visitor will find a giant granite Scarab statue which represents the sun-god, Atum-Khepri. It is the only remaining scarab out of fou .....Mas

The North-South Eastern Axis of Karnak Temple

This axis runs a right angle to the axis of the First through the Sixth Pylons. It extends from the Seventh Pylon through the Tenth and on to the Temple of Mut. The new axis was actually established by Queen Hatshepsut when she erected the Eighth Pyl .....Mas

The Cour de la Cachette in Karnak Complex

The Cour de la Cachette (Courtyard of the Cachette) in Karnak Complex lies between the Seventh Pylon and the Great Hypostyle Hall. Between 1902 and 1909, the French archaeologist Georges Legrain cleared a huge pit that had been dug in the Cour de la .....Mas

Ramses II and Hatusilis Ill Peace Treaty in Karnak Temple

The north wall of the First Court of the North-South Eastern Axis was decorated by scenes of Ramses II with a copy of the peace treaty Egypt signed with the Hittite ruler, Hatusilis III, in the year 21 of the former's rule. Among its clauses is a dec .....Mas

The Seventh Pylon at Karnak Temple

The Seventh Pylon has seven statues in front of it: four of Thutmes III (on the left), two of Second Intermediate Period kings (on the right), and one of Amenhetep II. There is also a fragment of an obelisk carved for Thutmes II; its twin one is now .....Mas

The Eighth Pylon at Karnak Temple

On the Eighth Pylon of the Karnak Temple, Queen Hatshepsut inscribed a text that justified her ascendancy to the throne and she falsely attributed it to King Thutmes I. Thutmes I Inscribed this pylon, Akhenaton defaced it and Seti I restored it. On t .....Mas

The Ninth Pylon at Karnak Temple

On the Ninth Pylon of the Karnak Temple, Horemheb is shown in procession with a sacred bark. The Ninth Pylon is currently being restored after archaeologists removed six thousand blocks, which were taken by Horemheb from buildings of Amenhetep IV (Ak .....Mas

Sed-Festival Temple of Amenhotep II at Karnak Complex

A Sed-Festival temple for Amenhetep II was built on the left-east side of the Fourth Court between the Ninth and Tenth Pylons. Scenes of Ramses II and Horemheb cover the temple's walls as well as the faces of the pylons. Seti I undertook extensive re .....Mas