Double Mastaba of Ptah Hotep and Akhhotep
The Double Mastaba of Ptahhotep and Akhhotep is located in the western section of the Necropolis of Saqqara, in the way to the Serapeum. Dating back to the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom, it is a double mastaba that housed the bodies of Ptah Hotep and Akhti Hotep, who might have been Ptah Hotep's father. Ptahhotep was 'the City Administrator' and 'First Minister' during the reign of Djedkare Isesi. He is credited with authoring the Instruction of Ptahhotep, an early piece of Egyptian literature meant to instruct the King's son in appropriate behavior. The incomplete scenes on the entrance manifest the way they were made with gridlines measuring the proportionality of the figures. The ceiling in the tomb chamber is made of stones that imitate trunks of palm trees. Among the multiple depictions the mastaba of Ptahhotep manifests are attractively- appealing scenes of hunting, fishing, agricultural activities, sports, and offerings.