The Last Judgment
Last Judgment decorate the walls of the tombs of the New Kingdom , although this thought had been known to the Ancient Egyptians since the Old Kingdom as mentioned in the Pyramid Texts .
Headed by god Osiris , the court of judgment consists of 42 gods as the judges , referring to the 42 nomes of Upper and Lower Egypt . Each god has a distinct head , such as a head of a snake , a sheep , a falcon or a scarab . Likewise , gods were given peculiar names , like “the Blood Eater” “the Darkness Eater” “the Hell's Legs” .
At the court , god Osiris is depicted Horus introduces the deceased to his father . Near the scale stands the "Dead's Eater" . This imaginary ugly demon creature has a head of a crocodile , a chest of a lion , and a back of a hippo; and he is always ready for eating the dead if found guilty .
Before undertaking the judgment procedures , the two sides of the scale are always set on the same level so as ensure justice .
The dead man is supposed to enter the Hall of Two Truth and greet the great god Osiris , announcing that he knows his name and the names of the 42 judges attending at this sacred hall .
At this stage , the deceased starts mentioning the crimes he had never committed in his past life . That is , he enumerates the mean deeds and sins he had never made , such as the sins of stealing a temple's wealth , starving people , or any other wrongs that may upset the gods .
Then , he/she has to go to each of the 42 judges to confess his/her innocence of each crime separately .
After the confessions , gods Horus and
However , if the side with the symbol of justice “Maat” rises , this man is proven to have been just and truthful in his life and therefore deserves to be honored by having the title “the Truthful Voice” and to be free to enter the other world's heaven .
Horus steadies the balance , which is topped by the figure of a baboon and a feather . Thoth holds a scribe's palette , ready to write down the verdict and to announce it to Osiris , Isis , and Nephthys , who await the news in an elaborate kiosk . Should the verdict be a bad one and the deceased be found guilty of sin , he will be devoured by Ammit , the "Dead's Eater" , whose name