Cleopatra VII (51 – 30 BC)
The last phase of the history of the Ptolemies in Egypt is considered one of the most mysterious periods in the history of the world. Cleopatra VII was such a strong character, a trained politician, well educated and cunning. She spoke many languages and she had the capability of ruling the country and imposing her strong personality on the leaders of the Roman Empire.
When she first appeared as a ruler with her brother, Ptolemy XIII, she was about 17 years old. At that time, she was not very good at the political affairs. She decided to support Pompey in his war against Caesar: she sent Egyptian ships, some grain and contributions for his help. However, eleven of the palace guards didn't stand by her and she fled first to Thebes where she raised and odd army marched on Pelusium where she met her brother Ptolemy, who was ready with a stronger army. At that time, the situation in Rome was clearer and it was obvious that the coming ruler would be Caesar. Pompey tried to find a way out of this through asking the help of his supporters. He fled to Alexandria searching for this support, but Ptolemy XIII had a different opinion.
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